Many diseases can be transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal fluid and fecal material, or by mucous membrane contact.
Other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are not commonly considered bloodborne pathogens, but can be transmitted through contact with mucous membranes, semen, vaginal fluids or feces.
(Some of these pathogens may be present in the blood.) The Cal/OSHA bloodborne pathogens standard requires employers to protect workers from serious diseases including HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C, which can be transmitted through exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials.
The major requirements of this standard include: The bloodborne pathogens standard requires employers to use feasible engineering and work practice controls to protect workers from coming into contact with blood or other disease-carrying body fluids (referred to in the standard as "other potentially infectious material", or "OPIM").
Semen and vaginal fluid are always considered OPIM.
A cluster of HIV infections in the adult film industry in Southern California in 2004 drew attention to health hazards in these work places.
Since that time, public health agencies have additionally determined that workers in this industry are at increased risk for other sexually transmitted diseases including gonorrhea and Chlamydia.
Workers in this industry need to know there are laws written to protect them from injury and illness on the job, and where to go for help if their employer doesn't follow those laws.
Employers in the adult film industry must know how to protect their employees from health and safety hazards and understand the consequences of failing to comply with state regulations.
The California Occupational Safety and Health Act requires employers to provide a safe and healthful workplace for employees, and pay the costs of their health and safety program.