Long attributed to Goya, is now thought to have been painted by the 19th-century forger Eugenic Lucas.
During the classical period art was generally created for historical reference, religious inspiration, or simply aesthetic enjoyment.
The identity of the artist was often of little importance to the buyer.
During the Renaissance, many painters took on apprentices who studied painting techniques by copying the works and style of the master.
As a payment for the training, the master would then sell these works.
He then sold it to a dealer, Baldassare del Milanese, who in turn sold it to Cardinal Riario of San Giorgio who later learned of the fraud and demanded his money back.
However Michelangelo was permitted to keep his share of the money.The 20th-century art market has favored artists such as Salvador Dalí, Pablo Picasso, Klee and Matisse and works by these artists have commonly been targets of forgery.These forgeries are typically sold to art galleries and auction houses who cater to the tastes of art and antiquities collectors; during the occupation the painting which fetched the highest price at Drouot, the main French auction house, was a fake Cézanne.This practice was generally considered a tribute, not forgery, although some of these copies have later erroneously been attributed to the master.Following the Renaissance, the increasing prosperity of the middle class created a fierce demand for art.Near the end of the 14th century, Roman statues were unearthed in Italy, intensifying the populace’s interest in antiquities, and leading to a sharp increase in the value of these objects.